GATE Electrical Engineering

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Each of us requires a different kind of study program based upon our style/preference of studying. Normally, all students take our study material and test series. Many also take video lectures as it helps them clear concepts. A lot depends upon time available to prepare, current stage of preparation, etc. If you are still unsure, please contact us.

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Typically 5-6 months are required, but some students need a longer time frame based on other commitments. College students start preparation 12-18 months before GATE to have more time to practise questions as they may have semester exams as well.

We suggest about 800 to 1200 hours of preparation time overall. This can be divided into 3-4 months or 12-18 months, based on your schedule.

A good Score for GATE Electrical (EE) is Considered To Be: 55

Steps And Strategy To Prepare For GATE Electrical (EE) Exam

  1. Take a diagnostic test – best diagnostic test is a GATE paper of any of the previous 3 years.
  2. Note down what you have scored and what was the actual GATE qualifying score cut-off. Note that qualification does not help you much. What you need is a good score. So note the good score mentioned above and measure the gap between your score and a good score.
  3. Note the GATE syllabus and mark your topics that you are good at. First try to master subjects that you are good at.
  4. However, some subjects like Analog and Digital Electronics, Conrol System and Power Systems have a high weightage. So you should definitely prepare these.
  5. General Aptitude does not require preparation. It requires practice. So just practice solving Aptitude questions every day for 30 minutes.
  6. Mathematics may have a very high weightage. But note that to get these 6-10 marks, what you have to study and practice is typically more than a core subject. So if you wish to eliminate some topics in Maths, it is fine. Master topics that you are good at.
  7. Take lots of section tests and Mocks. Career Avenues provides an excellent test series for GATE Electrical (EE). 
  8. In case you require focused GATE study material and books, you should take Career Avenues GATE Electrical (EE) study material which has been made by IIT alumni and is focused towards GATE. 
  • Being a GATE aspirant, it is very important that you first know what is the syllabus for GATE Electrical (EE) Examination before you start preparation.
  • Keep handy the updated copy of GATE Electrical (EE) Examination syllabus.
  • Go through the complete and updated syllabus, highlight important subjects and topics based on Past GATE Electrical (EE) Papers and Weightage plus your understanding of particular subject or topic.
  • Keep tracking and prioritizing your preparation-to-do list and the syllabus for the GATE Electrical (EE) examination.

Section I: Engineering Mathematics

  • Linear Algebra:

Matrix Algebra, Systems of linear equations, Eigenvalues, Eigenvectors.

  • Calculus:

Mean value theorems, Theorems of integral calculus, Evaluation of definite and improper integrals, Partial Derivatives, Maxima and minima, Multiple integrals, Fourier series, Vector identities, Directional derivatives, Line integral, Surface integral, Volume integral, Stokes theorem, Gauss theorem, Greens theorem.

  • Differential equations:

First order equations (linear and nonlinear), Higher order linear differential equations with constant coefficients, Method of variation of parameters, Cauchys equation, Eulers equation, Initial and boundary value problems, Partial Differential Equations, Method of separation of variables.

  • Complex variables:

Analytic functions, Cauchys integral theorem, Cauchys integral formula, Taylor series, Laurent series, Residue theorem, Solution integrals.

  • Probability and Statistics:

Sampling theorems, Conditional probability, Mean, Median, Mode, Standard Deviation, Random variables, Discrete and Continuous distributions, Poisson distribution, Normal distribution, Binomial distribution, Correlation analysis, Regression analysis.

  • Numerical Methods:

Solutions of nonlinear algebraic equations, Single and Multi-step methods for differential equations.

  • Transform Theory:

Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform, z-Transform.

Section II: Electric Circuits

  • Topics:

Network graph, KCL, KVL, Node and Mesh analysis, Transient response of dc and ac networks, Sinusoidal steady-state analysis, Resonance, Passive filters, Ideal current and voltage sources, Thevenins theorem, Nortons theorem, Superposition theorem, Maximum power transfer theorem, Two-port networks, Three phase circuits, Power and power factor in ac circuits.

Section III: Electromagnetic Fields

  • Topics:

Coulomb’s Law, Electric Field Intensity, Electric Flux Density, Gauss’s Law, Divergence, Electric field and potential due to point, line, plane and spherical charge distributions, Effect of dielectric medium, Capacitance of simple configurations, Biot-Savarts law, Amperes law, Curl, Faradays law, Lorentz force, Inductance, Magnetomotive force, Reluctance, Magnetic circuits, Self and Mutual inductance of simple configurations.

Section IV: Signals and Systems

  • Topics:

Representation of continuous and discrete-time signals, Shifting and scaling operations, Linear Time Invariant and Causal systems, Fourier series representation of continuous periodic signals, Sampling theorem, Applications of Fourier Transform, Laplace Transform and z-Transform.

Section V: Electrical Machines

  • Topics:

Single phase transformer: equivalent circuit, phasor diagram, open circuit and short circuit tests, regulation and efficiency; Three phase transformers: connections, parallel operation; Autotransformer, Electromechanical energy conversion principles, DC machines: separately excited, series and shunt, motoring and generating mode of operation and their characteristics, starting and speed control of dc motors; Three phase induction motors: principle of operation, types, performance, torque-speed characteristics, no-load and blocked rotor tests, equivalent circuit, starting and speed control; Operating principle of single phase induction motors; Synchronous machines: cylindrical and salient pole machines, performance, regulation and parallel operation of generators, starting of synchronous motor, characteristics; Types of losses and efficiency calculations of electric machines.

Section VI: Power Systems

  • Topics:

Power generation concepts, ac and dc transmission concepts, Models and performance of transmission lines and cables, Series and shunt compensation, Electric field distribution and insulators, Distribution systems, Per-unit quantities, Bus admittance matrix, Gauss-Seidel and Newton-Raphson load flow methods, Voltage and Frequency control, Power factor correction, Symmetrical components, Symmetrical and unsymmetrical fault analysis, Principles of over-current, differential and distance protection; Circuit breakers, System stability concepts, Equal area criterion.

Section VII: Control Systems

  • Topics:

Mathematical modeling and representation of systems, Feedback principle, transfer function, Block diagrams and Signal flow graphs, Transient and Steady-state analysis of linear time invariant systems, Routh-Hurwitz and Nyquist criteria, Bode plots, Root loci, Stability analysis, Lag, Lead and Lead-Lag compensators; P, PI and PID controllers; State space model, State transition matrix.

Section VIII: Electrical and Electronic Measurements

  • Topics:

Bridges and Potentiometers, Measurement of voltage, current, power, energy and power factor; Instrument transformers, Digital voltmeters and multimeters, Phase, Time and Frequency measurement; Oscilloscopes, Error analysis.

Section IX: Analog and Digital Electronics

  • Topics:

Characteristics of diodes, BJT, MOSFET; Simple diode circuits: clipping, clamping, rectifiers; Amplifiers: Biasing, Equivalent circuit and Frequency response; Oscillators and Feedback amplifiers; Operational amplifiers: Characteristics and applications; Simple active filters, VCOs and Timers, Combinational and Sequential logic circuits, Multiplexer, DE multiplexer, Schmitt trigger, Sample and hold circuits, A/D and D/A converters, 8085Microprocessor: Architecture, Programming and Interfacing.

Section X: Power Electronics

  • Topics:

Characteristics of semiconductor power devices: Diode, Thyristor, Triac, GTO, MOSFET, IGBT; DC to DC conversion: Buck, Boost and Buck-Boost converters; Single and three phase configuration of uncontrolled rectifiers, Line commutated thyristor based converters, Bidirectional ac to dc voltage source converters, Issues of line current harmonics, Power factor, Distortion factor of ac to dc converters, Single phase and three phase inverters, Sinusoidal pulse width modulation.


Here are some recommended books for GATE Electrical Engineering (EE) preparation:

  1. Electric Circuits:

    • “Fundamentals of Electric Circuits” by Charles K. Alexander, Matthew N.O. Sadiku.
    • “Engineering Circuit Analysis” by William H. Hayt, Jack E. Kemmerly.
  2. Signals & Systems:

    • “Signals & Systems” by Alan V. Oppenheim.
    • “Signals & Systems” by Tarun Kumar Rawat.
  3. Analog Circuits:

    • “Microelectronic Circuits” by Adel S. Sedra, Kenneth C. Smith.
    • “Integrated Electronics” by Millman & Halkias.
  4. Electrical Machines:

    • “Electrical Machinery” by P.S. Bhimra.
    • “Electrical Machines” by J.B. Gupta.
  5. Measurements:

    • “A Course in Electrical and Electronic Measurements and Instrumentation” by A. K. Sawhney, Puneet Sawhney.
    • “Electronic Instrumentation and Measurement Techniques” by William David Cooper.
  6. Digital Circuits:

    • “Digital Systems: Principles and Applications” by Ronald J. Tocci, Neal S. Widmer, Greg Moss.
    • “Digital Logic and Computer Design” by M. Morris Mano.
  7. Control Systems:

    • “Control Systems Engineering” by I.J. Nagrath, M. Gopal.
    • “Automatic Control Systems” by Benjamin C. Kuo.
  8. Electromagnetic Theory:

    • “Engineering Electromagnetics” by William H. Hayt Jr., John A. Buck.
    • “Electromagnetic Waves” by R.K. Shevgaonkar.
  9. Power Electronics:

    • “Power Electronics” by P.S. Bimbhra.
    • “Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices, and Applications” by Muhammad H. Rashid.
  10. Power Systems:

    • “Electrical Power Systems” by C.L. Wadhwa.
    • “Principles of Power Systems” by V.K. Mehta, Rohit Mehta.

Please note that while these books are recommended, it’s important to refer to the official GATE syllabus and previous years’ question papers for a better understanding of the exam pattern and focus areas.